Metadata in Omeka

Dublin Core Metadata

We have used the fields in Omeka corresponding to the Dublin Core metadata standard as follows.


We have used the following as a standard vocabulary for this field:

  • African American family history
  • African American folklore and stories in Jacksonville
  • African American history of Florida
  • African American newspapers and journalists of Jacksonville
  • African American women in Jacksonville
  • African American workers in Jacksonville
  • African American writers of Jacksonville
  • Art in African American communities of Jacksonville
  • Art in African American schools in Jacksonville
  • Crafts in African American communities of Jacksonville
  • Development of Jacksonville
  • Entertainment in African American Communities of Jacksonville
  • Experiences of former slaves
  • Religion in African American communities of Jacksonville


We have used this field to provide a high-level summary of the documents contents, as well as additional explanatory or contextual information, as appropriate.


For JHS folders 1-18, this field contains Viola Muse except when the creator of the document in question is someone else, as in the case of "Gar Wood." For items in the folder Selections from The Florida Negro, we have used Federal Writers' Project of the Work Projects Administration for the State of Florida, and for items in Selections from WPA Slave Narratives, vol. 3, Works Progress Administration Federal Writers’ Project.


For items in JHS folders 1-18, this field contains Jacksonville Historical Society, Viola Muse Collection, followed by folder and item numbers. For items in the folder Selections from The Florida Negro, the value of this field is State Archives of Florida, manuscript of The Florida Negro, S1585, and for items in Selections from WPA Slave Narratives, vol. 3, Slave Narratives: A Folk History of Slavery in the United States from Interviews with Former Slaves, vol. 3, Library of Congress, 1941, followed by the inclusive page numbers.


For all documents without an explicit date, or for which we cannot deduce a more exact date, we have used the range 1936-1940.


We have included the names of all individuals who have contributed to the preparation of the document, indicating their respective roles (transcription, encoding, edition, etc.).


We indicate whether the document is handwritten or typed, as well as the number of pages.


All documents are in English, for which we have used the standard abbreviation EN.


We use the following as a standard vocabulary:

  • Artwork (This applies when the object itself is a piece of artwork. For a document that discusses a piece of art, we use Notes on artwork.)
  • Biographical notes
  • Biographical narrative
  • Historical notes
  • Historical narrative
  • Interview notes
  • List of questions/instructions
  • Notes on artwork
  • Notes on crafts
  • Miscellaneous notes
  • Poetry


We have assigned to each item an identifier that is identical to the corresponding XML filename, without the .xml extension. We have also assignged identifiers to the collections, using the initial nodes in the XML filenames for the items in that collection. For instance, the identifiers for the collections that correspond to folders 1-3 at JHS are jhs-195918-01, jhs-195918-02, and jhs-195918-03.


We use the pattern century state, as in the following examples:

  • 19th Century Georgia
  • 19th Century South Carolina
  • 19th Century Florida
  • 20th Century Florida

Tagging in Omeka

We have used the semantic markup in TEI-XML as our basis for tagging each item on Omeka (see Encoding), but in two instances we formulate the tags differently: In the case of dates, we have used only year (not month and day) as tags. With respect to addresses, we have used only street names (not house/building numbers). We have included as tags the values for Subject and Type that are found in the Dublin Core metadata for that item.

We tag references to cities in the format Atlanta GA, with two-letter state abbreviation and no comma. When we encounter a reference to a city, we tag also the state separately. We do so even if the state is not explicitly stated. In other words, when the text reads "Atlanta, Georgia," or simply "Atlanta," we add the tags Atlanta GA and Georgia. We handle references to foreign cities in the same fashion. A reference to "Puerto Cabello" would result in the tags Puerto Cabello Nicaragua and Nicaragua.

We standardize names of people when creating tags. For instance, when the text reads "Rosamond," we tag the item with John Rosamond Johnson. We do not include Dr., Mr., or other titles when tagging names, except when a first name is not known, as in Mr. Scott, and when Mrs. is followed by the husband's name (Mrs. W.H. Baldwin) in situations in which the woman's own name has not been determined.

We have not tagged the name Viola Muse, as such a designation could logically apply to all of the documents, even when her name does not explicitly appear.

We regularize the names of publications, organizations, and other entities in a similar fashion to how we handle the names of people. For instance, when the text reads "Century," in reference to the magazine, we tag The Century.

We tag the titles of books, works of art, and other named pieces of cultural production.

Following the approach we have used in the semantic markup, we only add tags on Omeka for aspects of the items in Selections from Manuscript of The Florida Negro that we understand to be possible points of connection to Muse's notes and narratives.

Metadata in Omeka